Thompson-Schill Lab :: Publications

Research Publications

  1. Boylan, C., Trueswell, J. C., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (in press). Relational vs. attributive interpretation of nominal compounds differentially engages angular gyrus and anterior temporal lobe. Brain & Language.
  2. Medaglia, J. D., Pasqualetti, F., Hamilton, R. H., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Bassett, D. S. (in press). Brain and Cognitive Reserve: Translation via Network Control Theory. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews.
  3. Karuza, E. A., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Bassett, D. S. (2016). Local patterns to global architectures: Influences of network topology on human learning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(8), 629-640.
  4. Karuza, E. A., Balewski, Z. Z., Hamilton, R. H., Medaglia, J. D., Tardiff, N., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2016). Mapping the parameter space of tDCS and cognitive control via manipulation of current polarity and intensity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.
  5. Chrysikou, E.G., Casasanto, D., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). Motor experience influences object knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
  6. Musz, E. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). Tracking competition and cognitive control during language comprehension with multi-voxel pattern analysis. Brain and Language.
  7. Kraemer, D.J.M., Schinazi, V.R., Cawkwell, P.B., Tekriwal, A., Epstein, R.A., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). Verbalizing, visualizing, and navigating: the effect of strategies on encoding a large-scale virtual environment. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.
  8. Mattar, M.G., Kahn, D.A., Thompson-Schill, S.L., & Aguirre, G.K. (in press). Varying timescales of stimulus integration unite neural adaptation and prototype formation. Current Biology.
  9. Nozari, N., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). The interplay of local attraction, context and domain-general cognitive control in activation and suppression of semantic distractors during sentence comprehension. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.
  10. Nozari, N., Mirman, D., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). The ventrolateral prefrontal cortex facilitates processing of sentential context to locate referents. Brain and Language.
  11. Nozari, N., Goksun, T., Thompson-Schill, S.L., & Chatterjee, A. (2015). Phonological similarity affects production of gestures, even in the absence of speech. Frontiers in Psychology.
  12. Yee, E. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). Putting concepts into context. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.
  13. Coutanche, M.N., Solomon, S.H., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2016). A meta-analysis of fMRI decoding: Quantifying influences on human visual population codes. Neuropsychologia.
  14. Mattar, M.G., Cole, M.W., Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). A functional cartography of cognitive systems. PLOS Computational Biology.
  15. Persichetti, A.S., Thompson-Schill, S.L., Butt, O.H., Brainard, D.H., & Aguirre, G.K. (in press). fMRI adaptation reveals a non-categorical representation of hue in early visual cortex. Journal of Vision.
  16. Chrysikou, E.G., Motyka, K., Nigro, C., Yang, S., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (in press). Functional fixedness in creative thinking tasks depends on stimulus modality. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.
  17. Boylan, C., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). Compositionality and the angular gyrus: A multi-voxel similarity analyis of the semantic composition of nouns and verbs. Neuropsychologia.
  18. Solomon, S.H., Hindy, N.C., Altmann, G.T.M., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). Competition between mutually exclusive object states in event comprehension. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
  19. Coutanche, M.N. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). Rapid consolidation of new knowledge in adulthood via fast mapping. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
  20. Musz, E. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). Semantic variability predicts neural variability of object concepts. Neuropsychologia.
  21. Persichetti, A.S., Aguirre, G.K., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). Value is in the eye of the beholder: Early visual cortex codes monetary value of objects during a diverted attention task. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
  22. Chrysikou, E.G., Weber, M.J., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). A matched filter hypothesis for cognitive control. Neuropsychologia.
  23. Musz, E., Weber, M.J., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2015). Visual statistical learning is not reliably modulated by selective attention to isolated events. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.
  24. Coutanche, M.N., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Fast Mapping Rapidly Integrates New Information Into Existing Memory Networks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
  25. Boylan, C., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis of Noun and Verb Differences in Ventral Temporal Cortex. Brain and Language.
  26. Nozari, N., Arnold, J.E., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). The effects of anodal stimulation of the left prefrontal cortex on sentence production. Brain Stimulation.
  27. Coutanche, M. N., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2014). Using Informational Connectivity to Measure the Synchronous Emergence of fMRI Multi-voxel Information Across Time. Journal of Visualized Experiments (89). e51226.
  28. Hsu, N.S., Schlichting, M.L., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Feature diagnosticity affects representations of novel and familiar objects. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
  29. Coutanche, M.N., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Creating concepts from converging features in human cortex. Cerebral Cortex.
  30. Kraemer, D.J.M, Hamilton, R., Messing, S.B., DeSantis, J.H., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Cognitive style, cortical stimulation, and the conversion hypothesis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.
  31. Fedorenko, E., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Reworking the language network. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
  32. Nozari, N., Woodard, K., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Consequences of cathodal stimulation for behavior: When does it help and when does it hurt performance? PloSONE.
  33. Weber, M.J., Messing, S.B., Rao, H., Detre, J.A., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). Prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation alters activation and connectivity in cortical and subcortical reward systems: A tDCS-fMRI study. Human Brain Mapping.
  34. Yee, E., Chrysikou, E.G., Hoffman, E., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). Manual experience shapes object representations. Psychological Science.
  35. Chrysikou, E.G., Weber, M., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2014). A matched filter hypothesis for cognitive control. Neuropsychologia.
  36. Hindy, N.C., Solomon, S.H., Altmann, G.T.M., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). A cortical network for the encoding of object change. Cerebral Cortex.
  37. Nozari, N. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). More attention when speaking: Does it help or does it hurt? Neuropsychologia.
  38. Coutanche, M.N. (2013). Distinguishing multi-voxel patterns and mean activation: Why, how, and what does it tell us? Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neurosciences.
  39. Coutanche, M.N., Gianessi, C.A., Chanales, A.J.H., Willison, K.W., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). The role of sleep in forming a memory representation of a two-dimensional space. Hippocampus.
  40. Weber, M.J., Detre, J.A., Thompson-Schill, S.L., & Avants, B.B. (2013). Reproducibility of functional network metrics and network structure: A comparison of task-related BOLD, resting ASL with BOLD contrast, and resting cerebral blood flow. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience.
  41. Coutanche, M.N., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). Informational connectivity: Identifying synchronized discriminability of multi-voxel patterns across the brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7:15. [Toolbox Website]
  42. Chrysikou, E.G., Hamilton, R.H., Coslett, H.B., Datta, A., Bikson, M., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2013). Non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation over the left prefrontal cortex facilitates cognitive flexibility in tool use. Cognitive Neuroscience.
  43. Lupyan, G., Mirman, D., Hamilton, R., Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). Categorization is modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation over left prefrontal cortex. Cognition.
  44. Hindy, N.C., Altmann, G.T.M., Kalenik, E., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). The effect of state changes on event cognition: Do objects compete with themselves? The Journal of Neuroscience.
  45. Coutanche, M. N., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2012). The advantage of brief fMRI acquisition runs for multi-voxel pattern detection across runs. NeuroImage, 61(4), 1113–1119.
  46. Coutanche, M.N. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). Reversal Without Remapping: What We Can (and Cannot) Conclude About Learned Associations From Training-Induced Behavior Changes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(2), 118–134.
  47. Thothathiri, M., Kim, A., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). Parametric effects of syntactic-semantic conflict in Broca's area during sentence processing. Brain and Language.
  48. Hsu, N.S., Frankland, S.M., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). Chromaticity of color perception and object color knowledge. Neuropsychologia.
  49. Yee, E., Ahmed, S.Z., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2012). Colorless green ideas (can) prime furiously. Psychological Science.
  50. Lupyan, G. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2011). The evocative power of words: Activation concepts by verbal and nonverbal means. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 170-186.
  51. Chrysikou, E.G., Novick, J.M., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2011). The Other Side of Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition? Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 253-256.
  52. Coutanche, M.N., Thompson-Schill, S.L., & Schultz, R.T. (2011). Multi-voxel pattern analysis of fMRI data predicts clinical symptom severity. Neuroimage, 57(1), 113-123.
  53. Yee, E., Huffstetler, S., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2011). Function follows form: Activation of shape and function features during object identification. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
  54. Hsu, N.S., Kraemer, D.J.M., Oliver, R.T., Schlichting, M.L., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2011). Color, Context, and Cognitive Style: Variations in Color Knowledge Retrieval as a Function of Task and Subject Variables. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
  55. Prabhakaran, R. & Thompson-Schill, S. (2011). The price of fame: The impact of stimulus familarity on proactive interference resolution. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
  56. Novick, J.M., Trueswell, J.C., & Thomspon-Schill, S.L. (2010). Broca's Area and Language Processing: Evidence for the Cognitive Control Connection. Language and Linguistics Compass.
  57. Aktipis, C. A. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2010). Positive assortment for peer review. Adaptive Behavior.
  58. Chrysikou, E. G. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2010). Are all analogies created equal? Prefrontal cortical functioning may predict types of analogical reasoning (Commentary). Cognitive Neuroscience, 1:2, 141-142.
  59. Chrysikou, E. G. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2011). Dissociable brain states linked to common and creative object use. Human Brain Mapping, 32:665-675.
  60. Weber, M. J. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2010). Functional neuroimaging can underwrite causal claims about brain function. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
  61. Lupyan, G., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Swingley, D. (2010). Conceptual penetration of visual processing. Psychological Science.
  62. Thothathiri, M., Schwartz, M. F., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2010). Selection for position: The role of left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex in sequencing language. Brain and Language, 113, 28-38.
  63. Baron, S., G., Thompson-Schill, S. L., Weber, M., & Osherson, D. (2010). An early stage of conceptual combination: Superimposition of constituent concepts in left anterolateral temporal lobe. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1, 44-51.
  64. Barde, L.H.F., Schwartz, M.F., Chrysikou, E.G. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2010). Reduced Short-Term Memory Span in Aphasia and Susceptibility to Interference: Contribution of Material-Specific Maintenance Deficits. Neuropsychologia, 48, 909-920. PMID: 19925813.
  65. Novick, J.M., Kan, I.P., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2010). A case for conflict across multiple domains: Memory and language impairments follow damage to ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 26(6), 527-567.
  66. Myung, J. Y., Blumstein, S. E., Yee, E., Sedivy, J. C., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Buxbaum, L. J. (2010). Impaired access to manipulation features in Apraxia: Evidence from eyetracking and semantic judgment tasks. Brain and Language, 112(2), 101-112.
    PMID: 20064657
  67. Yee, E., Drucker, D. M., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2010). fMRI-adaptation evidence of overlapping neural representations for objects related in function or manipulation. Neuroimage, 50, 753-763. PMID: 20034582.
  68. Thompson-Schill, S.L., Ramscar, M., & Chrysikou, E.G. (2009). Cognition Without Control: When a Little Frontal Lobe Goes a Long Way. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18(3), 259-263.
  69. Hindy, N.C., Hamilton, R., Houghtling, A.S., Coslett, H.B., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2009). Computer-mouse tracking reveals TMS disruptions of prefrontal function during semantic retrieval. Journal of Neurophysiology, 102, 3405-3413. PMID: 19812291.
  70. Goldberg, R. F., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2009). Developmental “roots” in mature biological knowledge. Psychological Science, 20(4), 480-487. PMID: 19399979.
  71. Weber, M., Thompson-Schill, S. L., Osherson, D., Haxby, J. & Parsons, L. (2009). Predicting judged similarity of natural categories from their neural representations. Neuropsychologia, 47(3), 859-868. PMID: 19162048.
  72. Yee, E., Overton, E., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2009). Looking for meaning: Eye movements are sensitive to overlapping semantic features, not association. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16(5), 869-874. PMID: 19815791.
  73. Kraemer, D.J.M., Rosenberg, L.M., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2009). The Neural Correlates of Visual and Verbal Cognitive Styles. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(12), 3792-3798. PMID: 19321775.
  74. Schnur, T.T., Schwartz, M.F., Kimberg, D.Y., Hirshorn, E., Coslett, H.B., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2009). Localizing interference during naming: Convergent neuroimaging and neuropsychological evidence for the function of Broca’s area. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(1), 322-327. PMID: 19118194.
  75. January, D., Trueswell, J.C., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2009). Co-localization of Stroop and Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution in Broca’s Area: Implications for the Neural Basis of Sentence Processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(12), 2434-2444. PMID: 19199402.
  76. Oliver, R. T., Geiger, E. J., Lewandowski, B. C., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2009). Remembrance of things touched: How sensorimotor experience affects the neural instantiation of object form. Neuropsychologia, 47, 239-247. PMID: 18760292.
  77. Novick, J. M., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Trueswell, J. C. (2008). Putting lexical constraints in context into the visual world paradigm. Cognition, 107, 850-903. PMID: 18279848.
  78. Spalek, K. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2008). Task-dependent semantic interference in language production: An fMRI study. Brain and Language, 107, 220-228. PMID: 18619668.
  79. Bedny, M., McGill, M., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2008). Semantic adaptation and competition during word comprehension. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 2574-2585. PMID: 18308708.
  80. Bedny, M., Hulbert, J. C., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2007). Understanding words in context: The role of Broca's area in word comprehension. Brain Research, 1146, 101-114. PMID: 17123486.
  81. Connolly, A. C., Gleitman, L. R., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2007). The effect of congenital blindness on the semantic representation of some everyday concepts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(20) 8241-8246. PMID: 17483447.
  82. Bedny, M., Aguirre, G. K., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2007). Item analysis in functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neuroimage, 35(3), 1093-1102. PMID: 17346988.
  83. Snyder, H. R., Feigenson, K., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2007). Prefrontal cortical response to conflict during semantic and phonological tasks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(5), 761-775. PMID: 17488203.
  84. Kan, I. P., Biran, I., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Chatterjee, A. (2006). Letter selection and letter assembly in acquired dysgraphia. Cognitive & Behavioral Neurology, 19(4), 225-236. PMID: 17159621.
  85. Hirshorn E. A. & Thompson-Schill S. L. (2006). Role of the left inferior frontal gyrus in covert word retrieval: Neural correlates of switching during verbal fluency. Neuropsychologia, 44, 2547-2557. PMID: 16725162.
  86. Thompson-Schill, S. L. & Botvinick, M. M. (2006). Resolving conflict: A response to Martin and Cheng (2006). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13(3), 402-408. PMID: 17048722.
  87. Bedny, M. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2006). Neuroanatomically separable effects of imageability and grammatical class during single word comprehension. Brain and Language, 98, 127-139. PMID: 16716387.
  88. Ellenbogen J. M., Hulbert J. C., Stickgold R., Dinges D. F., Thompson-Schill S. L. (2006). Interfering with theories of sleep and memory: Sleep, declarative memory and associative interference. Current Biology, 16, 1290-1294. PMID: 16824917.
  89. Kan, I.P., Kable, J.W., Van Scoyoc, A., Chatterjee, A., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2006). Fractionating the left frontal response to tools: Dissociable effects of motor experience and lexical competition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 267-277. PMID: 16494686.
  90. Kable, J. W., Kan, I. P., Wilson, A. Thompson-Schill, S. L. & Chatterjee, A. (2005). Conceptual representations of action in lateral temporal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 1855-1870. PMID: 16356324.
  91. Schnur, T.T., Lee E., Coslett, H.B., Schwartz, M.F. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2005). When lexical selection gets tough, the LIFG gets going: A lesion analysis study of interference during word production. Brain and Language.
  92. Thompson-Schill, S. L., Bedney, M., & Goldberg, R.F. (2005). The frontal lobes and the regulation of mental activity. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15, 219-224. PMID: 15831406.
  93. Novick, J.M., Trueswell, J.C. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2005). Cognitive Control and Parsing: Reexamining the Role of Broca's Area in Sentence Comprehension. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 5, 263-281. PMID: 16396089.
  94. Epstein, R.A., Higgins, J.S. & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2004). Learning Places from Views: Variation in Scene Processing as a Function of Experience and Navigational Ability. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 73-83. PMID: 15701240.
  95. Kan, I. P. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2004). Selection from perceptual and conceptual representations. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 4, 466-482. PMID: 15849891.
  96. Shivde, G. S. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2004). Dissociating semantic and phonological maintenance using fMRI. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. PMID: 15259886.
  97. Tippett, L. J., Gendall, A., Farah, M. J., & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2004). Selection Ability in Alzheimer's Disease: Investigation of a Component of Semantic Processing. Neuropsychology. 18(1), 163-173. PMID: 14744199.
  98. Kan, I. P. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2004). Effect of name agreement on prefrontal activity during overt and covert picture naming. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. 4(1), 43-57. PMID: 15259888.
  99. Oliver, R. T. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2003). Dorsal stream activation during the retrieval of object size and shape. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience. 3(4), 309-322. PMID: 15040551.
  100. Kan, I. P., Barsalou, L. W., Solomon, K. O., Minor, J. K. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2003). Role of mental imagery in a property verification task: fMRI evidence for perceptual semantic representations. Cognitive Neuropsychology. 20, 525-540.
  101. Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2003). Neuroimaging studies of semantic memory: inferring "how" from "where". Neuropsychologia, 41, 280-292. PMID: 12457754.
  102. Thompson-Schill, S. L., Jonides, J., Marshuetz, C., Smith, E. E., D'Esposito, M., Kan, I. P., Knight, R. T., & Swick, D. (2002). Effects of frontal lobe damage on interference effects in working memory. Journal of Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 2, 109-120. PMID: 12455679.
  103. Schaefer, S.M., Jackson, D.C., Davidson, R.J., Kimberg, D.Y., & Thompson-Schill, S.L. (2002). Modulation of amygdala activity by conscious maintenance of negative emotion. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 913-921. PMID: 12191458.
  104. Barde, L. H. F. & Thompson-Schill, S. L. (2002). Models of functional organization of lateral prefrontal cortex in verbal working memory: Evidence in favor of the process model. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 1054-1063. PMID: 12419128.
  105. Thompson-Schill, S.L., Kan, I.P., & Oliver, R.T. (2001). Functional Neuroimaging of Semantic Memory. In R. Cabeza & A. Kingstone (Eds.), Handbook of functional neuroimaging of cognition (pp.149-190). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  106. Thompson-Schill, S. L. & Kan, I. P. (2001). Perceptual and conceptual sources of priming on a word generation task. Memory and Cognition, 29, 698-706. PMID: 11531225.
  107. Gabrieli, J. D. E., Vaidya, C. J., Stone, M. V., Francis, W. S., Thompson-Schill, S. L., Fleischman, D. A., Tinklenberg, J. R., Yesavage, J. A., & Wilson, R. S. (2000). Convergent behavioral and neurospychological evidence for a distinction between identification and production forms of repetition priming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 128, 479-498. PMID: 10650584.
  108. Thompson-Schill, S. L., Gabrieli, J. D. E., & Fleischman, D. A. (2000). Effects of structural similarity and name frequency on picture naming in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 5, 659-667. PMID: 10645707.
  109. Thompson-Schill, S. L., D'Esposito, M., & Kan, I. P. (1999). Effects of repetition and competition on prefrontal activity during word generation. Neuron, 23, 513-522. PMID: 10433263.
  110. Thompson-Schill, S. L., Aguirre, G. K., D'Esposito, M., & Farah, M. J. (1999). A neural basis for category and modality specificity of semantic knowledge. Neuropsychologia, 37, 671-676. PMID: 10390028.
  111. Thompson-Schill, S. L. & Gabrieli, J. D. E. (1999). Priming of visual and functional knowledge on a semantic classification task. Journal of Experimental Psychology:Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 25, 41-53. PMID: 9949707.
  112. Thompson-Schill, S. L., Swick, D., Farah, M. J., D'Esposito, M., Kan, I. P., & Knight, R. T. (1998). Verb generation in patients with focal frontal lesions: A neuropsychological test of neuroimaging findings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 95, 15855-15860. PMID: 9861060.
  113. Thompson-Schill, S. L., Kurtz, K. J., Gabrieli, J. D. E. (1998). Effects of semantic and associative relatedness on automatic priming. Journal of Memory and Language, 38, 440-458.
  114. Thompson-Schill, S. L., D'Esposito, M., Aguirre, G. K., & Farah, M. J. (1997). Role of left prefrontal cortex in retrieval of semantic knowledge: A re-evaluation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 94, 14792-14797. PMID: 9405692.
    Additional Materials: Verb generation stimuli
  115. Bower, G. H., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Tulving, E. (1994). On reducing retroactive interference: An interference analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition , 20, 51-66. PMID: 8138788.
  116. Illes, J., Gabrieli, J., Rumelhart, D., Stone, M. V., Thompson-Schill, S. L., & Glover, G. H. (1993). Use of a skip-echo Hadamard sequence for localizing cortical activation to visual words. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 3, 142.
  117. Lorscheid, T. & Thompson, S. L. (1991). Intrusion errors in patients with degenerative or vascular dementia: The cholinergic connection? Dementia, 1, 202-207.


Although adults perform better than children in situations that require goal-directed actions, inhibition of irrelevant information, and contextually-appropriate modification of behavior, children have a clear advantage when it comes to certain types of learning. These differences highlight inherent tradeoffs between learning and performance that give rise to both costs and benefits of cognition without control. Viewed this way, the extended period of hypofrontality in young children can be understood as a functional adaptation for human learning (Thompson-Schill, Ramscar, & Chrysikou, 2009).